- The capital of Venezuela is Caracas.
- Venezuela gained independence from Spain in July 1811. It became an independent republic in the year 1821.
- Venezuela is considered to be amongst the 17 most biodiverse countries of the world.
- Spanish and its indigenous dialects form the main languages of Venezuela.
- The currency of Venezuela is Bolivar.
- The highest point in Venezuela is formed by Pico Bolivar, at 5,007 m.
- Venezuela holds the distinction of being one of the most urbanized countries in Latin America.
- Kerepakupai-Meru, more popularly known as Angel Falls, makes up the world's highest free-falling waterfall.
- Lake Maracaibo of Venezuela is regarded as the largest lake in South America.
- The first European to find the coast of Venezuela was Christopher Columbus.
- Capybara, the largest rodent of the world, is found inhabiting the grassy plains (llanos) of Venezuela.
- Slavery was abolished in Venezuela in 1854.
- The petroleum industry accounts for half of the revenue of the government of Venezuela.
- The term Venezuela literally means ‘Little Venice’. The country was so named by its explorers, who saw houses built on stilts in a lake here, reminding them of Venice.
- Venezuela was the largest oil exporter in the world in the early twentieth century.
- Venezuela has the largest proven oil reserves in the Western Hemisphere and the second largest natural gas reserves.
Facts about tourism
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