Luigi Galvani

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   Luigi Galvani (1737-1798) was an Italian physician and anatomist, was born in Bologna. He left the study of theology to take up medicine at the University of Bologna, where he became professor of anatomy in 1762. Galvani conducted research in animal electricity. In dissecting frogs he found that the muscles could be made to contract by touching them with metals. This led to the discovery of the form of elec­tricity named after him: galvanism or galvanic electricity.