The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials

   From November 1945 to October 1946, the victorious Allied Powers, acting through an International Military Tribunal, established a court in Nuremberg, Germany. The Nuremberg Trials resulted in the sentencing to death of twelve German military leaders for "crimes against humanity." Chief among them was Reich Marshal Hermann Goering.
   From June 1946 to November 1948, the United States held similar trials in Japan. Seven Japanese leaders, including former prime minister Tojo Hideki, were sentenced to death.