Richard Buckminster Fuller
Fuller's invention of the geodesic dome is sometimes considered the most revolutionary advance in architecture since the creation of the arch. The geodesic dome appears hemispherical but consists of triangular planes that are generally framed with metal pipe and covered with plastic sheeting. Although its light and flexible construction provides for great mobility and economy, i; is also strong and can resist high winds and heavy snow loads. As an enclosure for houses, stadiums, and possibly even entire communities, the geodesic dome can serve as a protection against bad weather and atmospheric impurities.
Fuller achieved his first success in 1927 with his plan for a low-cost prefabricated house that was designed to hang from a central mast. His inventions include a unique three-wheeled automobile, a world map which was the first relatively free of distortion, and a circular aluminum seven-room dwelling, constructed to sell for only $6,400. Fuller also designed buildings for several U.S. exhibitions, including a dome for Canada's Expo 67. He designed weather stations for the armed forces in the Arctic and a greenhouse, in St. Louis, Mo., called the Climatron. His inventions
have been widely exhibited.