Who was Anne Frank?

Monday, October 27, 2014

   Anne Frank was a German-Dutch diarist. Born Frankfurt am Main, Germany, June 12, 1929. Died Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Germany, 1945.
   Anne Frank's diary, published as The Diary of a Young Girl (Het Achterhuis, 1947), is one of the most moving accounts of personal courage to come out of World War II. It records the invincible spirit of a young Jewish girl who endured many of the horrors of war and who died a tragic death before the age of 16.
   The diary of Anne Frank is an account of her experiences while hiding from German troops during the war. When the Nazis invaded the Netherlands, the Frank family and four other people were hidden by Christian friends in a tiny apartment at the rear of an Amsterdam office building. For two years, Anne recorded the fears and emotional conflicts of people crowded together in secrecy. However, much of the diary describes humorous or joyful moments, including birthday celebrations and her first experience of falling in love. Many of the passages concern Anne's growing up, the discoveries she makes about herself and other people, and the beauty of life.
   Anne and the others in the group were discovered in 1944 and shipped to Westerbork prison in the Netherlands. After another move to Auschwitz concentration camp, the Franks were separated. Anne was sent to Bergen-Belsen, where she died of typhus. Her diary was made into a Pulitzer Prize play by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett in 1956 and into a motion picture in 1959.

What is Folklore?

Sunday, October 26, 2014

   Folklore, the things that make up the traditional culture of a people throughout its history. Folklore is usually handed down from one generation to another by word of mouth or by performance, rather than by writing. The forms of folklore that are mainly perpetuated through language include legends, myths, fairy tales, and poems, as well as proverbs, riddles, and figures of speech. Among the types that are passed down through action are music, dance, art, drama, rituals, crafts, cookery, and children's games. There is also a body of traditional practices and beliefs concerned with scientific or supernatural phenomena, which includes medicine, witchcraft, and prediction.
   Folklore is as old as human culture. It is created informally by a group of people for themselves, and it reflects their patterns of thought and behavior. Although a certain tale or custom may be created by an individual, its original author is not known and it is regarded as anonymous. As it passes from one generation to another, it is usually so modified that it can be considered the product of the community.
   Because folklore is preserved in memory, actual performance, and oral tradition, it rarely has a fixed form. Instead, it usually has an approximate pattern. The telling of a folktale or the performance of a folk activity may vary from group to group or even from one individual to another within the same group. Thus, there are often several versions of a folktale, folk dance, or folk song. Modifications are made not only to suit the tastes of a particular audience, but also to express the creative impulses of the tellers or performers. This flexibility distinguishes folklore from more cultivated literary or artistic creations.
   Folk materials are often used by writers, musicians, and artists in their works. For example, the ancient folk legend of a man who sold his soul to the Devil has been used and elaborated by many writers, including the English dramatist Christopher Marlowe in his play Doctor Faustus (about 1589), the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in his dramatic poem Faust (1808-1832), and the German novelist Thomas Mann in his book Doctor Faustus (1947). The story was also the basis of the famous opera Faust by the 19th-century French composer Charles Gounod.

What is functionalism (architecture)?

Monday, October 20, 2014

   In design, functionalism is the concept that objects or buildings should be planned in accordance with their actual uses, rather than for the sake of appearance. In a functional design the utilitarian requirements of a building or an object are not concealed by ornamentation. The modern practice is to keep the decoration a secondary factor and to make it-harmonize with the uses of the object or structure. To a large extent, modern architecture and the design of modern furniture and other objects are based on the principles of functionalism.
   The well-known functionalist motto "Form follows function" was originated by the late -19th-century architect Louis Sullivan. His approach was adopted and further developed by his student Frank Lloyd Wright and by such noted architects as Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, and Le Corbusier. Each has designed buildings of great geometric simplicity that integrate function with appearance.

What is a depressant?

A depressant is a drug that reduces the activity of various body functions. Some depressants such as anesthetics, sedatives, antiepileptics, narcotics analgesics, and some muscle relaxants, slow nervous and muscular activity by acting on the central nervous system. Tranquilizers are depressants that affect only part of the nervous system. They induce relaxation without causing total depression.

Facts about birthstones

Facts about birthstones
Did you know? The current assignation of stones to months was established in 1912