Quick facts about batteries

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

  • The first battery was created by Italian Alessandro Volta in 1800.
  • A battery is a device that converts chemical energy directly to electrical energy.
  • The world's largest battery is in Fairbanks, Alaska, composed of Ni-Cd cells.
  • Lead-acid batteries use over 80% of the lead produced in the United States.
  • There are 2 types of batteries: primary batteries, which are designed to be used once and discarded when they are exhausted, and secondary batteries, which are designed to be recharged and used multiple times.
  • The energy used to manufacture rechargeable and single-use batteries is fifty times greater than the electrical energy they produce when been discharged.
  • Sodium-sulfur batteries are being used to store wind power.
  • About 60% of the world’s lead comes from recycled car batteries.
  • The single largest source of mercury metal is found in household batteries.
  • Car batteries have the highest recycling rate out of all recycled materials.
  • Even if never taken out of the original package, disposable batteries can lose eight to twenty percent of their original charge every year at a temperature of about 20°–30°C.
  • One NiCad mobile phone is enough to pollute 600,000 litres of water.
  • Few car batteries last beyond 6 years of regular use.
  • Battery life can be extended by storing the batteries at a low temperature, as in a refrigerator or freezer, which slows the chemical reactions in the battery.