Frederick Chapman Robbins

   Frederick Chapman Robbins (1916-2003), shared the 1954 Nobel prize for physiology and medicine with John Enders and Thomas Weller. The men received the prize for developing tissue culture techniques for poliomyelitis viruses. Robbins was born in Auburn, Ala. He received his M.D. degree from Harvard University. In 1952, Robbins became a professor of pediatrics at Western Reserve (now Case Western Reserve) University and director of the pediatrics and contagious diseases department at Metropolitan General Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio.