Mechanics is the science which deals with the effect of forces upon matter at rest or matter in motion. The laws of solids, liquids, and gases have a part in this process. Mechanics is one of the basic studies of ENGINEERING, PHYSICS, and ASTRONOMY.
Mechanics deals with forces and the motion produced by them. People often think of a force as a push or a pull, but the idea of force as that which produces or destroys motion is modern. This concept of force has been useful, and can be attributed to ISAAC NEWTON, who is considered the chief founder of the science of mechanics.